A Guide to the Probate Process in NSW

A Guide to the Probate Process in NSW

In New South Wales (NSW), navigating the probate process is a crucial step in managing the affairs of a deceased person. This guide aims to demystify the steps involved in obtaining a grant of probate in NSW, a legal process overseen by the Supreme Court of NSW. Whether you’re an executor or a beneficiary, understanding probate NSW is essential for effectively administering the deceased person’s estate.

Understanding Probate in NSW

Probate in NSW is a court order, granted by the Supreme Court of New South Wales, that confirms the validity of the deceased person’s will and gives the executor authority to administer the estate. The process begins with the executor, named in the will, applying for a grant of probate. This application is critical as it legally empowers the executor to manage and distribute the deceased person’s assets.

To apply for probate, the executor must first gather essential documents, including the deceased person’s death certificate, the original will, and prepare an inventory of property. This documentation is submitted to the NSW Supreme Court, along with the probate application, which is a formal request for the court to acknowledge the will’s validity.

The probate process in NSW can vary in duration, but it generally takes several weeks to several months. The length of time depends on the complexity of the estate, the accuracy of the application, and whether any requisitions (requests for additional information) are raised by the court.

It’s important to note that in NSW, as per the NSW Online Registry and current regulations, there is an expectation to apply for a grant of probate within six months from the date of death of the deceased. Failure to do so without a valid reason can lead to complications and potentially delay the distribution of the estate.

The Role of the Executor

Being an executor is a significant responsibility. The executor must follow the legal procedures set by the probate laws and the Supreme Court of NSW to ensure the deceased person’s wishes are honoured. This includes submitting an application for probate, managing the deceased’s assets, paying off the deceased’s debts, and eventually distributing the estate to the beneficiaries in accordance with the terms of the will.

In addition to these duties, the executor should issue a notice of intended application for probate. This notice, which should be published on the NSW Online Registry, informs the public of the intention to apply for probate and allows anyone with a claim against the estate to come forward.

Once the probate application has been approved, and the executor receives the grant of probate, they can proceed to administer the estate. This involves liaising with financial institutions, asset holders, and beneficiaries, ensuring all affairs are settled before distribution can occur. 

Given the complexity of the probate process in NSW, executors often seek legal advice from a solicitor. A solicitor can provide a complete guide to probate, help navigate any potential requisitions from the court, and ensure the deceased’s wishes are maintained while ensuring compliance with probate laws and the NSW Supreme Court guidelines.

Preparing for Probate Application

Preparing for a probate application in NSW requires a thorough understanding of the probate process and meticulous preparation of necessary documents. First and foremost, it’s essential to know that probate is a court order issued by the Supreme Court of NSW, validating the will of a deceased person and authorising the executor to administer the deceased’s estate.

Before applying for a grant of probate, the executor must publish a “probate notice” on the NSW Online Registry. This notice informs the public of the executor’s intention to apply for probate and allows interested parties to come forward with any enquiries or claims against the estate. It’s a crucial step that should not be overlooked, as failing to issue this notice can cause delays in the probate process and expose the executor or administrator to personal liability. 

Additionally, the application will need to be supported by an affidavit of executor. This legal document, submitted alongside the probate application, outlines the executor’s relationship to the deceased and confirms that they are willing and able to perform the duties required. The affidavit also includes vital information about the deceased, such as the date of death and details of the will.

The executor should also be ready to provide an inventory of the deceased’s assets and liabilities, which is crucial for the court’s assessment. Knowing everything about probate in NSW, including what documents are needed and when to submit them, is integral to a smooth application process.

Applying for Probate in the Supreme Court of NSW

To apply for probate in the Supreme Court of NSW, the executor must submit a formal application for a grant of probate. This application includes the original will, the death certificate, the executor’s affidavit, and any other relevant documents.

It’s important to note that there are specific timelines to be aware of. The executor is expected to apply for a grant of probate within six months from the date of the deceased’s death. Failing to apply within this timeframe can complicate matters, as the court may require additional explanations for the delay.

Timeline of the Probate Process: How Long Does it Take 

The question of “how long does probate take in NSW?” is common, and the answer varies depending on several factors. Generally, the time it takes to obtain a grant of probate is 2-6 months.

The duration largely depends on the complexity of the estate, the accuracy of the application, and whether there are any disputes or requisitions from the court. Requisitions, which are requests for additional information or clarification, can significantly extend the timeline. It’s important for executors to respond promptly to any court enquiries to avoid unnecessary delays.

However, the entire probate process, including the administration and distribution of the estate can take anywhere from 6 months to several years depending on the nature of the estate. In our experience, most estates can be administered within 9-12 months. 

After Receiving the Grant of Probate

Once the grant of probate is received in NSW, the executor can begin the process of administering the deceased’s estate. It’s crucial to remember that probate in NSW is a court order that not only validates the will but also provides the legal personal representative (i.e., executor or administrator) the authority to deal with the estate’s assets.

The executor should first notify all relevant parties, including financial institutions and beneficiaries, about the grant of probate. This notification marks the official commencement of the estate distribution process. Executors need to follow the directives outlined in the will, ensuring that assets are allocated as per the deceased’s wishes.

It’s important to note that while the probate process can take varying lengths of time, executors are typically expected to apply for probate within 6 months from the date of the deceased’s death. Once probate is granted, the executor should proceed to manage and distribute the estate promptly, to avoid any unnecessary delays. If there are any complications or disputes, these should be addressed promptly to prevent them from causing delays to distribution.


This guide to probate in NSW aims to provide a comprehensive overview of what you need to know about probate in this state. Whether you are an executor or a beneficiary, being informed about the probate process, the court’s requirements, and the necessary steps to take can help ensure that the estate is managed smoothly and in accordance with the deceased’s wishes.

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Disclaimer: the information in this article relates to NSW law as at the date it was written and is general information only. It does not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as legal advice. It may contain information or links to sources which are no longer current. If you have a question or legal issue, we recommend you contact a lawyer and obtain legal advice that takes into account your specific facts, circumstances, needs and objectives.

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